Reducing Your Risk of Chronic Kidney Disease
by Diane W. Shannon, MD, MPH
There are steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing chronic kidney disease.
Maintain Normal Blood Pressure
Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a common cause of chronic kidney disease. See your doctor to find out if you have high blood pressure. If you do, take the blood pressure medications your doctor prescribes. Aggressive treatment of your blood pressure can prevent further damage to your kidneys.
Control Blood Glucose Levels If You Have Diabetes
Diabetes is the number one cause of chronic kidney disease. Also, high blood glucose levels make the condition worse. Simple tests can tell if you have diabetes. If you do, take the medications your doctor prescribes to reduce the risk of chronic kidney disease.
Stop Smoking TOP
Smoking makes chronic kidney disease worse. Ask your doctor for help in stopping.
Change Your Diet TOP
Table salt, including potassium, phosphorus, and magnesium, and dietary protein make chronic kidney disease progress more quickly. Your doctor may recommend cutting down on salt and protein.
Don’t Overuse Medications Toxic to Kidneys TOP
Prolonged use of medications, such as ibuprofen, aspirin, and phenacetin, can lead to chronic kidney disease. Talk to your doctor if you take these medications regularly.
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Last reviewed May 2015 by Michael Woods, MD
Last Updated: 5/20/2015
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