There is no cure for osteoarthritis (OA). Most symptoms can be managed with lifestyle changes and medicines. Surgery may be an option if these do not work. It is best if OA is found early and treated. This can control it and lessen joint damage.
Here are the main goals of treating OA:
- Pain relief
- Maintaining mobility and function
- Decreasing joint deformity
- Slowing the disease
- Maintaining or improving quality of life
OA is not the same from person to person. It is important to work with a healthcare team of doctors, surgeons, nurses, pharmacists, and other health professionals. This will help you find the treatments that works best for you.
OA treatment involves:
ACR issues recommendations on therapies for osteoarthritis of the hand, hip, and knee. Am Fam Physician. 2013;87(7):515-516.
Osteoarthritis. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Osteoarthritis/default.asp. Updated May 30, 2016. Accessed May 30, 2018.
Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116897/Osteoarthritis-OA-of-the-knee. Updated March 15, 2018. Accessed May 30, 2018.
Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114846/Osteoarthritis-OA-of-the-hip. Updated March 15, 2018. Accessed May 30, 2018.
Sinusas, K. Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2012;85(1):49-56.
Last reviewed May 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Warren A. Bodine, DO, CAQSM Last Updated: 5/31/2018