Lifestyle changes can’t cure OA. However, they can help to:
- Manage discomfort caused by OA
- Improve mobility and decrease disability
- Slow future damage to joints
Lifestyle recommendations include:
Reach or Maintain a Healthy Weight
Maintaining a healthy weight can help:
- Improve symptoms caused by OA
- Slow OA from getting worse
- Reduce OA injury in other joints
Excess weight puts extra stress on your joints. If you are overweight, talk to your doctor or a dietitian. They can help find you find options that may work for you.
Joint pain may make you less likely to be physically active. However, not moving can make the joints worse. Regular activity can help your joints move better and decrease stiffness. It can also decrease pain.
One important factor is strength. Strong muscles can decrease wear and tear on the joint. It also helps to absorb impact. This can protect the joint surfaces.
Exercise programs can be tailored to your needs. There are many options to work around sore joints. An exercise physiologist or physical therapist can help to design an effective program.
Stress can make pain worse. There are several ways to reduce stress, such as:
- Guided breathing and other relaxation techniques
Returning to Everyday Life
Chronic conditions like OA can be stressful. You may feel frustrated with changes in your lifestyle. Support groups or counseling can help you better meet these changes.
Talk to your care team if you are having trouble with pain. Other treatments options may be available to help better manage your OA.
Monitor Yourself for Depression
Mood changes can happen. It is most common within the first few months of a new diagnosis. It may also occur during periods of intense symptoms. Depression can make your symptoms worse. Call your doctor if you have more than 2 weeks of sadness, hopelessness, or have a loss of interest in your favorite things.
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Last reviewed May 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Warren A. Bodine, DO, CAQSM Last Updated: 5/30/2018