by Krisha McCoy, MS
The parathyroid glands are four pea-sized glands. They are located next to the thyroid gland in the neck. The glands secrete the parathyroid hormone (PTH). PTH helps to regulate the level of calcium in the blood.
In hypoparathyroidism, there is not enough PTH secreted. This causes low levels of calcium in the blood. Low blood calcium is known as hypocalcemia.
Hypoparathyroidism may be caused by:
In some cases, a cause cannot be found.
Risk Factors TOP
Factors that increase your chances of hypoparathyroidism include:
Many patients with hypoparathyroidism will have not symptoms. If symptoms do develop, they may include:
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Your doctor may need to test your body fluids. This can be done with:
Your doctor may need pictures of your body structures. This can be done with:
Talk with your doctor about the best plan for you. Treatment options include the following:
Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation
Calcium and vitamin D will usually be taken indefinitely. They are often taken by mouth.
Calcium may be given by injection. This is done when immediate symptom relief is needed.
There are no current guidelines to prevent hypoparathyroidism.
National Organization for Rare Disorders
Canadian Society of Endocrinology & Metabolism
Definition of hypoparathyroidism and related disorders. The Hypoparathyroidism Association website. Available at: https://www.hypopara.org/about-hpth/definition.html . Accessed June 4, 2013.
Hypoparathyroidism. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated March 7, 2012. Accessed June 4, 2013.
Hypoparathyroidism. National Organization for Rare Disorders website. Available at: http://www.raredis.... Updated July 7, 2011. Accessed June 4, 2013.
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Last reviewed June 2013 by Brian Randall, MD
Last Updated: 6/4/2013