(Catheter Angiography; Arteriography; Angiogram)
by Laurie Rosenblum
An angiography is an x-ray exam of the blood vessels. The exam uses a chemical that is injected into the blood vessels. The chemical makes the blood vessels easier to see on the x-ray.
Reasons for Procedure TOP
This procedure may be done to:
In some cases, the doctor can treat a blocked blood vessel during the procedure. This would prevent the need for another procedure.
Possible Complications TOP
Complications rarely occur. But, no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have an angiography, your doctor will review a list of possible complications with you. They may include:
Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
What to Expect TOP
Prior to Procedure
A local anesthesia will be injected into your arm or groin. Your catheter (small tube) will be inserted there. A small dose of sedative may also be given by IV.
Description of the Procedure
An area of your groin or arm will be shaved and cleaned. This is where a catheter will be inserted. The area will be numbed with the anesthesia. A small incision will be made into your skin. The catheter will be placed through the incision into an artery. The doctor will guide the catheter through the arteries to the area to be examined. The contrast material is injected through the catheter. The doctor will watch the procedure on a nearby monitor. Several sets of x-rays will be taken. The catheter will then be removed. Pressure will be applied to the area for about 10 minutes.
How Long Will It Take?
Less than an hour to several hours. It depends on whether the doctor decides to fix any problems at the same time.
How Much Will It Hurt?
Although the procedure is not painful, you may feel the following discomfort:
At the Care Center
Immediately following the procedure:
After your procedure, be sure to follow your doctor's instructions.
When you return home after the procedure, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
The radiologist will examine the x-rays and report the findings to your doctor. Your doctor will discuss the findings and any necessary treatment options with you.
Call Your Doctor TOP
After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
In case of emergency, get medical care right away .
The College of Family Physicians of Canada
Angiogram (arteriogram). California Pacific Medical Center website. Available at: http://www.cpmc.org/learning/documents/ir-angioarterio-ws.pdf. Updated September 2007. Accessed November 5, 2012.
Angiogram: what is an angiogram? VascularWeb website. Available at: http://www.vascularweb.org/vascularhealth/Pages/angiogram.aspx. Updated January 2011. Accessed November 5, 2012.
Angiography. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary/. Updated November 5, 2012. Accessed November 5, 2012.
Arteriogram. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary/. Updated November 3, 2011. Accessed November 5, 2012.
Cardiac catheterization. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://healthlibra.... Accessed January 23, 2008.
Catheter angiography. RadiologyInfo.org website. Available at: http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=angiocath. Updated May 15, 2012. Accessed November 5, 2012.
What is coronary angiography. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/ca/. Updated March 2, 2012. Accessed November 5, 2012.
Last reviewed November 2012 by Michael J. Fucci, DO
Last Updated: 11/5/2012