Risk Factors for Hypertension
by Debra Wood, RN
A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.
It is possible to develop hypertension with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing hypertension. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your healthcare provider what you can do to reduce your risk.
Risk factors for hypertension include:
Specific Lifestyle Factors
People age 35 and older are at increased risk of developing hypertension, although anyone, even children, can have high blood pressure.
Men are generally at greater risk for hypertension than pre-menopausal women. After menopause, though, a woman's risk increases and is slightly greater than that of a man of the same age.
Having family members with high blood pressure increases your risk of developing the condition.
Hypertension tends to develop at an earlier age and is more severe in blacks than in whites.
High blood pressure. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.americanheart.org/ . Accessed June 18, 2009.
High blood pressure. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Hbp/HBP_WhatIs.html . Updated November 2008. Accessed June 18, 2009.
Last reviewed September 2012 by Michael J. Fucci, DO
Last Updated: 09/11/2012