by Mary Cresse
Dysarthria is a speech disorder that affects the muscles of the face, which become weak, move slowly, or do not move. It differs from aphasia, which is a language disorder.
This condition can be caused by not being able to control and coordinate the muscles that you use to talk. This can result from:
Factors that increase your chance of developing dysarthria include:
Tell your doctor if you have any of these risk factors.
Symptoms of dysarthria include:
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done, paying close attention to your:
Images may be taken of your brain. This can be done with:
The electrical function of your nerves or muscles may be tested. This can be done with:
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include the following:
To help reduce your chance of getting dysarthria, take the following steps:
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Canadian Association of Speech Language Pathologists
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
Dysarthria. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/dysarthria.htm . Accessed May 16, 2013.
McGhee H, Cornwell P, Addis P, Jarman C. Treating dysarthria following traumatic brain injury: Investigating the benefits of commencing treatment during post-traumatic amnesia in two participants. Brain Injury . 2006;20:1307-1319.
Stroke prevention. National Stroke Association website. Available at: http://www.stroke.org/site/PageServer?pagename=PREVENT . Accessed May 16, 2013.
Stedman’s Medical Dictionary . 28th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005; 595.
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