by Diana Kohnle
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) is a serious infection of the gums that causes ulcers, swelling, and dead tissues in the mouth. Although it is a very painful condition, it can be healed with treatment.
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis is typically caused by excess bacteria in the mouth. Too much bacteria can form in the mouth from smoking, stress, lack of dental care, a virus, and poor diet.
A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition. Risk factors for ANUG include:
If you experience any of these symptoms, do not assume it is due to acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. These symptoms may be caused by other health conditions. If you experience any one of them, see your dentist.
Your dentist will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A dental exam will be done to look for:
Talk with your dentist about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include:
To help reduce your chances of getting ANUG, take the following steps:
American Academy of Periodontology
American Dental Association
Canadian Dental Association
Canadian Dental Hygienists Association
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed . Updated November 30, 2009. Accessed October 30, 2012.
Contreras A, Falkler WA Jr, Enwonwu CO, et al. Herman herpesviridae in acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis in children in Nigeria. Oral Microbiol Immunol. 1997;12:259-265.
Schreiner C, Quinn FB. Stomatitis. University of Texas Medical Branch website. Available at: http://www.utmb.edu/otoref/grnds/stomatitis.htm . Published November 29, 1995. Accessed October 30, 2012.
Last reviewed October 2012 by Michael Woods, MD
Last Updated: 10/30/2012
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