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Group B streptococcal (GBS) infection is an infection with a bacteria.
Newborn babies can get the bacteria:
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Black newborns are at increased risk. It is also common in mothers who give birth at a young age.
Things that may raise your baby's risk are:
A pregnant woman usually doesn’t have symptoms.
The newborn may have
GBS colonization may be found during an office visit. Testing should be done about one month before the baby is due.
Your baby may have:
If you have GBS or are at high risk, your doctor will give you antibiotics. This will lower the risk that your baby will get sick. It must be given at least four hours before birth. Some babies can still get GBS.
If GBS is found in the urine, women should be treated for this infection with antibiotics.
A newborn who may have GBS may be need a couple of extra days of medical care. Blood and urine tests may be done. Antibiotics will be given.
Follow these steps:
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Group B Strep Association
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada
Women's Health Matters
De Tejada BM, Pfister RE, Renzi G, et al. Intrapartum Group B streptococcus detection by rapid polymerase chain reaction assay for the prevention of neonatal sepsis. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2011;17(12):1786-1791.
Group B strep (GBS). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/groupbstrep/index.html. Updated May 29, 2018. Accessed July 23, 2018.
Group B strep infection: GBS. American Pregnancy Association website. Available at: http://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancy-complications/group-b-strep-infection. Updated March 2, 2017. Accessed July 23, 2018.
Group B streptococcal infection in infants less than 3 months old. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114120/Group-B-streptococcal-infection-in-infants-less-than-3-months-old. Updated February 1, 2017. Accessed July 23, 2018.
Ohlsson A, Shah VS. Intrapartum antibiotics for known maternal Group B streptococcal colonization. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;(3):CD007467.
Puopolo KM, Madoff LC, Eichenwald EC. Early-onset Group B streptococcal disease in the era of maternal screening. Pediatrics. 2005;115(5):1240-1246.
Woodgate P, Flenady V, Steer P. Intramuscular penicillin for the prevention of early onset Group B streptococcal infection in newborn infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(3):CD003667.
Last reviewed May 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Kathleen A. Barry, MD Last Updated: 7/24/2018