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There are steps you can take to lower your chances of chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Maintain Normal Blood Pressure

High blood pressure a common cause of CKD. See your doctor to find out if you have high blood pressure. If you do, take the blood pressure medicines your doctor prescribes. Early care for blood pressure can delay harm to your kidneys.

Control Blood Glucose Levels If You Have Diabetes

Diabetes is the number one cause of CKD. Also, high blood glucose levels make the condition worse. Simple tests can tell if you have diabetes. Your doctor may give you medicines. Take them as advised. Lowering blood glucose can also prevent further harm to your kidneys.

Stop Smoking

Smoking makes CKD worse. Your doctor will go over different plans that will help you successfully quit.

Eat a Balanced Diet

Eat a variety of healthful foods including plenty of fruits and vegetables. Grains should be whole grains to increase fiber. Limit the amount of salt, sugar, and saturated and trans fats in your diet. For dairy, look for low- or non-fat options. If you have a hard time, consider talking to a dietitian who can help you with meal planning.

Don’t Overuse Medicines Toxic to Kidneys

Prolonged use of medicines, such as ibuprofen, aspirin, and phenacetin, can lead to CKD. Talk to your doctor if you take these regularly.

REFERENCES:

Chronic kidney disease (CKD). Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: https://familydoctor.org/condition/chronic-kidney-disease-ckd. Updated August 9, 2017. Accessed June 18, 2018.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115336/Chronic-kidney-disease-CKD-in-adults. Updated May 14, 2018. Accessed June 18, 2018.

Preventing chronic kidney disease. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease-ckd/prevention. Updated October 2016. Accessed June 18, 2018.

Last reviewed May 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrienne Carmack, MD  Last Updated: 6/18/2018