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A thoracic aortic aneurysm repair is a surgery to fix a problem in the aorta. The aorta is the largest blood vessel in the body. It starts at the heart and passes down through the chest and abdomen. The thoracic aorta is the part of the aorta in the chest. The aorta carries blood from the heart to blood vessels that supply the lower body.
This surgery may be needed if you have an aneurysm of the aorta. An aneurysm is a weakened area of the blood vessel. It can cause the blood vessel to bulge out. A large aneurysm may burst and cause severe bleeding.
Stop eating or drinking anything after midnight the night before your surgery.
Stop taking some medications up to one week before the procedure, like:
Let your doctor know about any medications or supplements you may be taking.
General anesthesia will be used. It will block pain and keep you asleep during the surgery.
Description of the Procedure
The surgeon will make an incision in your chest. Clamps will be placed on the aorta above and below the aneurysm. The damaged part of the aorta will be removed. A graft will replace the damaged part of the aorta. The graft is a type of man-made tube. It will be stitched into place. Blood will be able to flow through the graft. When the aorta is repaired, the clamps will be removed. Your doctor will look for any leaks.
If you need additional heart surgery, it may be done at this time. The chest incision will then be closed with stitches or staples
Immediately After Procedure
After the operation, you will be taken to the recovery room. Your heart, blood pressure and other vital signs will be monitored.
How Long Will It Take?
Two to four hours
How Much Will It Hurt?
Anesthesia prevents pain during surgery. Your doctor will give you pain medicine to help manage pain during recovery.
Average Hospital Stay
The usual length of stay is 7 days. If you have any problems, you may need to stay longer.
At the Hospital
The hospital staff may:
Provide you with medication and nutrition through an IV.
Ask you to take deep breaths and cough to prevent mucus from collecting in your lungs.
Ask you to walk down the hall when you are able.
Ask you to drink liquids until you can tolerate more solid foods.
When you return home, take these steps:
Follow your doctor’s instructions on cleaning the incision site.
Change your bandages once a day.
Ask your doctor about when it is safe to shower, bathe, or soak in water.
Ask your doctor when it is safe to resume physical activities.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Follow a diet that is low in fat and includes fruits, vegetables, and whole grain foods.
Your doctor may recommend a rehabilitation program.
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This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.