Anal warts are found around and inside the anus. They are caused by certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV). Anal wart surgery is a procedure to remove or destroy anal warts.
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The surgery is done to remove or destroy anal warts if other treatments, like applying medications, are unsuccessful or not advised. Surgery may also be ideal if there are many warts or if the warts are large. If warts are not removed, they can become bigger and multiply. Warts may also lead to an increased risk of cancer in the affected area.
Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have anal wart surgery, your doctor will review a list of possible complications which may include:
Be sure to discuss these risks with your doctor before surgery.
Your doctor may recommend that you clean out your bowels before surgery. To do this:
Anesthesia will block any pain. Depending on the location and number of warts, you may either have:
There are different types of surgeries used to remove or destroy anal warts. The type of surgery you will have will depend on different factors, like the number and size of warts. Below is a list of possible procedures:
This depends on the type of procedure that will be used. It may take several minutes for most procedures.
Anesthesia will block any pain during the procedure. After the procedure, you may feel some pain in and around the anus. Your doctor will give you pain medication to make you more comfortable.
This procedure is commonly done in an outpatient setting, so you will not need to stay in the hospital. You will be able to go home the day of the surgery.
Following the procedure, the staff may provide you with pain medication to make you more comfortable.
When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery. This may include eating foods that are high in fiber and drink plenty of fluids. This will prevent straining and constipation.
Contact your doctor if your recovery is not progressing as expected or you develop complications, such as:
If you think you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Sex Information & Education Council of Canada
2015 Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/default.htm. Updated October 21, 2015. Accessed December 16, 2015.
Anal warts. American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons website. Available at: https://www.fascrs.org/patients/disease-condition/anal-warts. Updated October 2012. Accessed December 16, 2015.
Genital warts. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/genital-warts.html. Updated April 2014. Accessed December 16, 2015.
Hainer B, Usatine RB. Electrosurgery for the skin. Am Fam Physician. 2002;66(7):1259-1267.
Removal of anal warts. University of Wisconsin Health website. Available at: http://www.uwhealth.org/healthfacts/dhc/5772.html. Accessed December 16, 2015.
Last reviewed December 2015 by Daus Mahnke, MD Last Updated: 12/20/2014