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Tubal ligation is done to prevent pregnancy.
If you have this surgery, you will still ovulate and menstruate. The cut or blocked tubes keep the egg and sperm separated. When the egg and sperm cannot meet, fertilization does not happen and pregnancy cannot occur.
This surgery is not recommended as a temporary or reversible procedure. Make sure you consider all the birth control options for you and your partner.
A small cut will be made in the area of the navel. A harmless gas will then be inserted through this cut and into your abdomen. The gas will inflate the abdominal cavity. This will make it easier to view the internal organs. A long, thin instrument called a laparoscope will be inserted. It will contain a small camera and lighting system, which will let the doctor see inside the abdomen. A second cut may be made just above the pubic hair to insert an instrument for grasping the fallopian tubes. The tubes will be closed in one of the following ways:
Ligation—Tying and cutting of the tube
Sealing by creating scar tissue
Removing a small piece of the tube
Applying plastic bands or clips
The instruments will then be removed and the openings will be closed with stitches.
In some cases, the doctor may switch to an
open surgery. This involves making a larger incision.
Anesthesia will keep you comfortable and pain free during the procedure. You may feel bloated and have pain in your shoulder or chest because of the air inserted into your abdomen. Ask your doctor about medication to help with the pain after the procedure.
Sterilization for women and men. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated August 2011. Accessed March 18, 2014.
Sterilization for women (tubal sterilization). Planned Parenthood website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Accessed March 18, 2014.
Tubal sterilization. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated July 2010. Accessed March 18, 2014.
Tubal sterilization. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated September 26, 2013. Accessed March 18, 2014.
6/3/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance ...(Click grey area to select URL) Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2011;124(2):144-154.e8.
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This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.