Ovarian cyst removal is surgery to remove a cyst or cysts from one or both of your ovaries. An open surgery requires an incision large enough that the doctor can see the cyst and surrounding tissue. It may be done instead of a laparoscopic surgery if the cyst is large, there are many cysts, or complications develop during a laparoscopic surgery.
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An ovarian cyst may need to be removed if it is:
Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have an ovarian cyst removed, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
Be sure to discuss these risks with your doctor before the procedure.
Your doctor may do the following:
Talk to your doctor about what action should be taken if cancer is found during surgery. One option is to remove the ovary.
Leading up to the surgery:
General anesthesia will be used. It will block pain and keep you asleep through the surgery. It will be given through an IV in your hand or arm.
An incision will be made in the abdomen. The abdominal muscles will be separated and the abdomen will be opened. The blood vessels that supply the ovary will be located, clamped, and tied. (Note: This step is not always needed.)
Next, the cyst will be removed. In some cases, a sample of tissue will be removed for testing. If cancer is found, one or both ovaries (if cysts are on both ovaries) may be removed. Lastly, stitches will be used to sew the abdominal muscles. The incision area will be closed with stitches or staples.
After the procedure, you will be given IV fluids and medications while recovering.
You will have abdominal pain and discomfort for 7-10 days. You will be given pain medication.
Recovery may take 3-4 weeks. When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
After you leave the hospital, contact your doctor if any of the following occur:
If you think you are having an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Women's Health.gov—US Department of Health and Human Services
Women's Health Matters
Ovarian cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated October 17, 2014. Accessed October 29, 2014.
Last reviewed December 2014 by Andrea Chisholm, MD Last Updated: 12/20/2014