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Menopause is the time when a woman's menstrual period ends. Menopause is considered complete when a woman has been without her period for one year. Menopause can occur any time between ages 40 and 60. On average, it occurs around age 52.
Menopause is gradual. The period of time leading up to complete menopause is called perimenopause. Premature menopause occurs before the age of 40. Menopause can also be surgically induced when the ovaries are removed.
Menopause is a natural process. Treatment is used to manage the symptoms associated with menopause.
Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Natural menopause is diagnosed when a woman has not had a menstrual period for 12 consecutive months.
Menopause may need to be confirmed if it was caused by a surgical procedure.
A blood test may be done to look for
(FSH). High levels of FSH may indicate menopause.
Menopause is a natural part of life. It does not necessarily require treatment. However, symptoms and health risks associated with low estrogen can be treated. Symptoms include hot flashes or vaginal dryness. You may need additional treatment if you have (or to prevent) osteoporosis, which is a loss of bone mass.
A healthful diet during menopause can improve your sense of well-being. It may also reduce the risk of heart disease, osteoporosis, and certain cancers. The diet should be low in fat. It should include plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Your diet should also include enough
and alcohol may increase your symptoms of anxiety and insomnia. They can also increase your loss of calcium.
If you drink alcohol, only drink in moderation. Moderation is 1 or less drinks per day.
like walking and climbing stairs, and strength exercises may also decrease your risk of osteoporosis, especially in women who are inactive.
Aerobic exercise may reduce some symptoms of menopause in women who are inactive.
Menopause. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated January 15, 2013. Accessed April 18, 2013.
Menopause. Planned Parenthood Federation of America website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Accessed April 18, 2013.
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9/30/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Jacobson BC, Moy B, et al. Postmenopausal hormone use and symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux. Arch Intern Med. 2008;168:1798-1804.
1/30/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Borrelli F, Ernst E. Black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa): A systematic review of adverse events.
Am J Obstet Gynecol.
1/30/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Kaszkin-Bettag M, Ventskovskiy BM, et al. Confirmation of the efficacy of ERr 731 in perimenopausal women with menopausal symptoms. Altern Ther Health Med. 2009;15:24-34.
4/14/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Archer DF, Dupont CM, et al; Study 319 Investigators. Desvenlafaxine for the treatment of vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of efficacy and safety. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009;200:238.e1-e10.
11/4/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Moilanen JM, Mikkola TS, et al. Effect of aerobic training on menopausal symptoms: A randomized controlled trial. Menopause. 2012;19(6):691-696.
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