by Elizabeth Smoots, MD
A hip fracture is a break in the thigh bone just below the hip joint. The hip joint consists of a ball at the top of the thigh bone and a rounded socket in the pelvis. Most hip fractures occur 1-2 inches below the ball portion of the hip in the neck of the thigh bone.
Factors that may contribute to a hip fracture include:
Risk Factors TOP
Factors that increases your chance of getting a hip fracture include:
Symptoms may include:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and how the injury occurred. A physical exam will be done.
Images may be taken of your bones. This can be done with:
The goal is to get you back on your feet as quickly as possible while your broken bone heals. For older patients, staying in bed for even several days may lead to serious complications.
Prompt Emergency Treatment
Surgery is performed. This may involve:
You may require:
If you are diagnosed with a hip fracture, follow your doctor's instructions.
Early corrective action may help lessen many of the factors that can lead to a hip fracture. Here's what you can do:
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
American Academy of Family Physicians
Canadian Orthopaedic Association
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation
Feskanich D, Willett W, Colditz G. Walking and leisure-time activity and risk of hip fracture in postmenopausal women. JAMA. 2002;288:2300-2306.
Hip fracture. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 24, 2013. Accessed May 7, 2013.
Hip fracture prevention. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00309. Updated January 2013. Accessed May 7, 2013.
11/6/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Sennerby U, Melhus H, Gedeborg R, et al. Cardiovascular diseases and risk of hip fracture. JAMA. 2009;302(15):1666-1673.
van Diepen S, Majumdar SR, Bakal JA, McAlister FA, Ezekowitz JA. Heart failure is a risk factor for orthopedic fracture: a population-based analysis of 16,294 patients. Circulation. 2008;118(19):1946-52.
1/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Lee JS, Buzková P, Fink HA, et al. Subclinical thyroid dysfunction and incident hip fracture in older adults. Arch Intern Med. 2010;170(21):1876-1883.