The purpose of screening is early diagnosis and treatment. Screening tests are administered to people without current symptoms, but who may be at high risk for certain diseases or conditions.
The National Cholesterol Education Program recommends screening for lipid disorders at least once every 5 years starting at age 20. More frequent or earlier testing may be recommended if you have:
Screening is recommended for children ages 9-11 years old and children 17-21 years old. For children of other ages, screening is only suggested if they have an increased risk factors such as:
Screening is not recommended in children under 2 years old.
Cholesterol levels are checked with a blood test. A blood sample is taken from a vein in your arm. You may need to fast for several hours before your blood is taken. The test measures levels of:
Hypercholesterolemia. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114250/Hypercholesterolemia. Updated July 6, 2016. Accessed October 4, 2016.
Hypertriglyceridemia. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115419/Hypertriglyceridemia. Updated July 6, 2016. Accessed October 4, 2016.
NHLBI integrated guidelines for pediatric cardiovascular risk reduction. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 12, 2013. Accessed January 13, 2014.
Prevention and treatment of high cholesterol. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Cholesterol/PreventionTreatmentofHighCholesterol/Prevention-and-Treatment-of-High-Cholesterol_UCM_001215_Article.jsp#.Vxfpv02FMdU. Updated May 1, 2013. Accessed January 13, 2014.
Last reviewed March 2016 by Marcin Chwistek, MD Last Updated: 3/15/2015